Komodo dragons, or also called Komodo dragons (Varanus komodoensis), are large lizard species found on Komodo Island, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Gili Dasami in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. This monitor lizard by the indigenous people of the island of Komodo is also referred to by the local name Ora.
Komodo is the largest species of the family Varanidae, as well as the largest lizard in the world, with an average length of 2-3 meters and weighs up to 100 kg. The Komodo dragon is the top predator in its habitat because so far there are no known large carnivorous animals other than monitor lizards in any of its geographies.
Their large bodies and terrible reputation make them one of the most famous animals in the world. Now, the actual habitat of the Komodo dragon has dwindled due to human activities, so the IUCN institution includes the Komodo dragon as a species that is vulnerable to extinction. Komodo dragons have been designated as animals that are protected by the Indonesian government and their habit is turned into a national park, the Komodo National Park, whose purpose was established to protect them.
Young Komodo dragons on Rinca that eat buffalo carcasses.
Komodo dragons can see as far as 300 m, but because the retina only has cone cells, these animals cannot see well in the darkness of the night. Komodo dragons are able to distinguish colors but are not so able to distinguish immovable objects. Komodo does not have the sense of hearing, although it has ear holes.
The Komodo dragon uses its tongue to smell its prey as much as most Squamata. The tongue of the Komodo dragon catches the odor particles in the air and then puts it into an organ in the roof of its mouth called the Jacobson’s organ which functions to analyze the signs of the odor. With the help of the wind and its habit of turning its head to the right and left when walking, the Komodo dragon can detect the presence of carcasses as far as 4-9.5 km. The nostrils of the Komodo dragon only serve to breathe and not smell because the Komodo dragon does not have a receptive membrane on its nose. Komodo also does not have a taste organ on the tongue, there are only a few nerve endings taste in the deep throat.